accident
An occurrence by chance or not as expected. Haser v Maryland Casualty Co. 78 ND 893, 53 NW2d 508, 33 ALR2d 1018; Anno: 8 ALR2d 409. In lesser scope, an occurrence which could not have been foreseen by the exercise of reasonable prudence, one which happens unexpectedly from the uncontrollable operations of nature alone, and without human agency, 38 Am J1st Neg § 6. The word "accident" in a bill of lading, which refers to events involving damage to the property carried for which the carrier is to be liable, includes the result of any human fault for which the carrier may be liable; it is not synonymous with "mere accident" or "purely accidental." Ullman v Chicago & N. W. R. Co. 112 Wis 150, 88 NW 41. The word "accident" in a policy of insurance insuring against injury by accident means an event that takes place without one's foresight or expectation-an event that proceeds from an unknown cause, or is an unusual effect of a known cause, and therefore not expected. 29A Am J Rev ed Ins § 1164. An "accident" within the meaning of an automo bile insurance policy indemnifying against loss by collision or upset includes any event which takes place without the foresight or expectation of the person acted upon or affected thereby. Riley v National Auto Ins. Co. 162 Neb 658, 77 NW2d 241, 57 ALR2d 1219. As the word is used in an automobile liability insurance policy, it means an undesigned, unexpected happening which produces injury or damage. It does not include injuries caused intentionally. Anno: 117 ALR 1175; 18 ALR2d 456. An "accident" within the meaning of a policy insuring against liability incident to ownership or use of premises does not include an event which has its inception in a wilful act of the insured. 29A Am J Rev ed Ins § 1359. As used in the phrase "injury arising by accident" in compensation statutes the term is interpreted in the popular and ordinary sense, and is generally construed as meaning an occurrence which is neither expected, designed, nor intentionally caused, by the workman. 58 Am J1st Workm Comp § 196. In the phrase "by accidents arising out of and in the course of the employment," found in Employers' Liability Acts, "accident" signifies any un-toward and unexpected event, the term being used in its popular sense. 3 5 Am J I st M & S § 422. The term within the meaning of the equitable principle under which relief is granted for "accident" means an occurrence without intention on the part of the complainant and one which he was unable to see and avert. 19 Am J2d Equity § 44. See inevitable accident; unavoidable accident.

Ballentine's law dictionary. . 1998.

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  • accident — [ aksidɑ̃ ] n. m. • 1175; lat. accidens, de accidere « survenir » 1 ♦ Événement fortuit, imprévisible. Vx Un accident heureux, malheureux. 2 ♦ Mod. Épisode non essentiel. « La poésie n était pas mon métier; c était un accident, une aventure… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • accident — ACCIDÉNT (1 4, 6) accidente, s.n. (5) accidenţi, s.m. 1. Eveniment fortuit, imprevizibil, care întrerupe mersul normal al lucrurilor (provocând avarii, răniri, mutilări sau chiar moartea). ♦ Fapt întâmplător, banal, care aduce nenorocire. 2. (fil …   Dicționar Român

  • accident — ac·ci·dent n: an unexpected usu. sudden event that occurs without intent or volition although sometimes through carelessness, unawareness, ignorance, or a combination of causes and that produces an unfortunate result (as an injury) for which the… …   Law dictionary

  • Accident — • The obvious division of things into the stable and the unstable Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Accident     Accident     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • accident — ACCIDENT. s. m. Cas fortuit, ce qui arrive par hazard. Il se prend presque tousjours en mauvaise part. Accident impréveu, inopiné. estrange, funeste accident. il luy est arrivé un grand accident. la vie humaine est sujette à tant d accidents.… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • accident — 1 *quality, character, attribute, property Analogous words: mark, *sign, note, badge, token, symptom: characteristic, peculiarity (see corresponding adjectives at CHARACTERISTIC) Antonyms: substance (in philosophy) 2 *chance, hazard, luck, fort …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Accident — Ac ci*dent, n. [F. accident, fr. L. accidens, dentis, p. pr. of accidere to happen; ad + cadere to fall. See {Cadence}, {Case}.] 1. Literally, a befalling; an event that takes place without one s foresight or expectation; an undesigned, sudden,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Accident — Accident, MD U.S. town in Maryland Population (2000): 353 Housing Units (2000): 162 Land area (2000): 0.496408 sq. miles (1.285690 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.496408 sq. miles (1.285690 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • accident — Accident, m. acut. proprement prins est ce qui advient à la substance, et departir s en peut sans le deperissement d icelle, comme, blancheur, curvature, et semblables. On en use aussi pour cas desastreux, malencontres et infortunes. Selon ce on… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • accident — (n.) late 14c., an occurrence, incident, event, from O.Fr. accident (12c.), from L. accidentem (nom. accidens), prp. of accidere happen, fall out, fall upon, from ad to (see AD (Cf. ad )) + cadere fall (see CASE (Cf …   Etymology dictionary

  • accident — [n1] unexpected, undesirable event; often physically injurious blow, calamity, casualty, collision, crack up*, disaster, fender bender*, fluke*, hazard, misadventure, misfortune, mishap, pileup*, rear ender*, setback, smash*, smashup*, stack up* …   New thesaurus

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