stare decisis

The doctrine or principle that decisions should stand as precedents for guidance in cases arising in the future. A strong judicial policy that the determination of a point of law by a court will generally be followed by a court of the same or a lower rank in a subsequent case which presents the same legal problem, although different parties are involved in the subsequent case. 20 Am J2d Cts § 183. The great principle, stare decisis, so fundamental in our law, and so congenial to liberty, is peculiarly important in popular governments, where the influence of passions is strong, the struggles for power are violent, the fluctuations of party are frequent, and the desire of suppressing opposition, or of gratifying revenge under the forms of law and by the agency of the courts, is constant and active. Ex parte Bollman (US) 4 Cranch 75, 89, 2 L Ed 554, 559. An opinion rendered by a court of a foreign country, especially a British court, although having no effect by stare decisis in this country, may well be persuasive on an American court, particularly where the foreign court deals in its opinion with a question of law common to all civilized nations. 20 Am J2d Cts § 200. The decision of a court of one state does not have effect as stare decisis in the court of another state, although it may be considered and even followed by the court of the sister state because its reasoning is persuasive. 20 Am J2d Cts § 203. While even a single adjudication of the court, upon a question properly before it, is not to be questioned or disregarded except for the most cogent reasons, and then only in a case where it is plain that the judgment was the result of a mistaken view of the condition of the law applicable to the question, the doctrine of stare decisis is not without exceptions. It does not apply where it can be shown that the law has been misunderstood or misapplied, or where the former determination is evidently contrary to reason. Rumsey v New York & New England Railway Co. 133 NY 79, 30 NE 654.

Ballentine's law dictionary. . 1998.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Stare decisis — (Anglo Latin pronunciation: /ˈstɛəri dɨˈsaɪsɨs]) is a legal principle by which judges are obliged to respect the precedents established by prior decisions. The words originate from the phrasing of the principle in the Latin maxim Stare decisis et …   Wikipedia

  • stare decisis — sta·re de·ci·sis / ster ē di sī sis, stär ē ; stä rā dā kē sēs/ n [New Latin, to stand by things that have been settled]: the doctrine under which courts adhere to precedent on questions of law in order to insure certainty, consistency, and… …   Law dictionary

  • Stare decisis — [ˈstaːre deːˈkiːsiːs], Lateinisch für „bei früheren Entscheidungen bleiben“, ist ein wichtiges Konzept in der Justiz, insbesondere in dem vom sogenannten Fallrecht dominierten anglo amerikanischen Rechtskreis. Dort darf ein Richter ein früheres… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stare decisis — es una locución latina, que se traduce interpretativamente como mantenerse con las cosas decididas , utilizada en derecho para referirse a la doctrina según la cual las sentencias dictadas por un tribunal crean precedente judicial y vinculan como …   Wikipedia Español

  • stare decisis — Latin, lit. “to stand by things decided.” …   Etymology dictionary

  • stare decisis — [ster΄ē di sī′sis] n. [L, to stand by things decided] a policy of law that requires courts to abide by laws and precedents previously laid down as applicable to a similar set of facts …   English World dictionary

  • Stare decisis — Règle du précédent La règle du précédent ou stare decisis (latin: rester sur la décision) est une règle de droit s appliquant particulièrement dans les pays de common law, c est à dire le Royaume Uni (l Écosse faisant en partie exception), et… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • stare decisis — /stair ee di suy sis/, Law. the doctrine that rules or principles of law on which a court rested a previous decision are authoritative in all future cases in which the facts are substantially the same. [1855 60; < L stare decisis to stand by… …   Universalium

  • Stare Decisis — A Latin term meaning to stand by that which is decided . Stare decisis is a legal principle which dictates that courts cannot disregard the standard. The court must uphold prior decisions. In essence, this legal principle dictates that once a law …   Investment dictionary

  • stare decisis — (latín: que la decisión se mantenga). En el common law, principio jurídico conforme al cual, cuando se trata de cuestiones de derecho los tribunales deben atenerse a la jurisprudencia para asegurar la certeza, coherencia y estabilidad en la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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